The various causes of chronic dandruff and their effective treatments

 The various causes of chronic dandruff and their effective treatments

The various causes of chronic dandruff and their effective treatments

Do you suffer from dandruff? Do those little white or yellow chips spoil your style? Does it cause you shame as you easily fall on your shoulders? Are you looking for ways to treat chronic dandruff to get rid of dandruff anxiety and problems?

Dandruff is a common condition that often causes the skin of the scalp to peel, but it may also affect different parts of the body such as the forehead, the sides of the nose, the eyes and the chest.

Causes of chronic dandruff:

There are many reasons, such as:

  • Oily, inflamed skin.
  • A fungus that feeds on scalp fats called MALASSEZIA in most adults.
  • Dry skin.
  • Allergy to hair care products.
  • Some other skin diseases such as psoriasis and eczema.

Treatment of chronic dandruff:

Treating chronic dandruff with anti-dandruff shampoo

The shampoo used can be classified based on the active ingredient in its ingredients, such as:

1- Zinc pyrithione:

It has an anti-bacterial and anti-parasitic effect like Derma Zinc Shampoo, Head & Shoulders, and Jason 2 in 1 dandruff treatment


Like Neutrogena T / Gel Shampoo
Coal tar slows down the death and peeling of scalp cells.
But it may cause light-colored hair changes and also make the scalp more sensitive to sunlight.\

3- Salicylic acid:

It is anti-inflammatory and salicylic acid helps clear flaky skin and loosen flakes of dandruff so they can be removed.
Like Neutrogena T / Sal, B & S's

4- Selenium sulfide:

Anti-fungal, used and rinsed well after shampooing, as it can change the color of the hair and scalp.
Like Head & Shoulders Intensive shampoo, Selsun Blue

5- ketoconazole:

It kills the fungi that cause dandruff.
Like Nizoral anti-dandruff shampoo.

Tips for using chronic dandruff treatment shampoo:

  • You can use two shampoos interchangeably as the shampoo you use starts to get less effective.
  • You can try more than one type to see which shampoo works best for you.
  • A regular moisturizer can be used to avoid dry scalp.
  • Initially, the medicated shampoo is used 1-3 times a week to treat chronic dandruff, then it is used once a week or less to maintain the results.
  • If you do not get the desired results after using the chronic dandruff treatment shampoo for several weeks, it is better to visit a dermatologist.
  • Your doctor can prescribe you if the dandruff shampoo does not help:
  • A steroid-containing cream or an oral prescription anti-fungal treatment or an application to the scalp.
  • It is advised to follow a specialist doctor when there are ulcers, blisters, or hair loss with dry skin.

How to use shampoo to treat chronic dandruff?

Massage a small amount without rubbing on the scalp or the affected places such as the beard, then leave it for 5-10 minutes and then rinse.

It is best to follow the instructions for using shampoo before use, as some products may need to be left on the hair for a few minutes, while others rinse off directly.

Treating chronic dandruff with medicinal herbs

  • Coconut oil for chronic dandruff treatment:
Moisturizes the scalp, leaves hair soft, has anti-fungal and anti-bacterial properties.

How to use:

Apply a small amount of melted coconut oil directly to the scalp and then massage it.
Leave 10 minutes before shampooing your hair as usual.

  •  Tea tree oil for treating chronic dandruff
  • Antiseptic, anti-fungal and antibiotic, it treats dry scalp.
  • It is used in most shampoos.

How to use:

  • Can be used directly
  • Or mix a few drops of tea oil with a carrier oil such as coconut oil or olive oil.
  •  It is placed on the scalp and left for 10 minutes before washing the hair.

Aloe vera for the treatment of chronic dandruff

It has anti-inflammatory properties, helps treat dry scalp and is also an effective moisturizing agent.
It can be taken orally, but it has a laxative effect, so care should be taken.

How to use:

  • Apply to scalp and leave for 10 minutes.
  • Then wash the hair with shampoo.

Apple cider vinegar for treating chronic dandruff

Anti-microbial, so it can remove itchy bacteria and fungi, have anti-inflammatory effect, and help exfoliate the scalp.

 How to use:

  • For dilution, mix one part of apple cider vinegar with two parts of water.
  • Apply to scalp, and leave for 5 minutes.
  • Then wash the hair with shampoo and conditioner as usual